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Dyslexia, Dyscalculia and Dyspraxia (Dys)

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Related Pages: - Autism (AUT) - Emotional Behavioural Social Difficulties (BESD) - General Learning Difficulties (GLD) - Dyslexia, Dyscalculia and Dyspraxia (Dys) - Deaf (D) - Visual (VIS) - Epilepsy (EPI)


Dyslexia, Dyscalculia and Dyspraxia (Dys) 

What is dyslexia?

The term “dyslexia” simply means having difficulty with words. It is reckoned that there are between 4 million to 10 million dyslexics in the UK such that many sufferers are undiagnosed. It tends to be hereditary and thus whenever we get an enquiry we ask whether the parent suffers as well. Boys are generally more affected than girls. Dyslexic people are not stupid. Many dyslexic people have been highly successful in academia, sport, music, art, business and acting. e.g Einstein, Richard Branson, Winston Churchill, Leonardo da Vinci. All dyslexics have strengths even if they have no outstanding talents.

Dyscalculia means difficulty with numbers. Dyspraxia means difficulty with coordinating movement of limbs. Dysgraphia means difficulty in writing sentences. There is a considerable degree of overlap between these conditions and thus it is very common to see a child with two or three of them. Together these common SENs are often referred to as Specific Learning Difficulties

Unfortunately dyslexia is so common that many Local Education Authorities are now refusing to “statement” a dyslexic child (issue an Education Health and Care Plan)  ie grant funding for children to get assistance with private school fees.

Dyslexia is often first diagnosed between 5 to 9 when children are learning to read and write. What are the common signs of dyslexia?

  • Family history of dyslexia (or problems with spelling, reading or writing)
  • Reluctance to go to school
  • Lack of self esteem
  • Late speaker
  • Reads slowly
  • Mispronounces familiar words
  • Misreads words
  • Difficulty with rhymes
  • Frustration at inability to find words needed
  • Cannot follow dialogue on TV
  • Cannot remember sequence of action games
  • Difficulty with motor skills such as kicking or catching balls
  • Difficulty with dressing tidily
  • Cannot follow oral instructions
  • Confusing nouns with adjectives
  • Cannot recognise syllables

 

If a child is suspected of dyslexia, there are a variety of Dyslexia Screening Tests, of which the most common is the WISC test. It is recommended that the child is thoroughly assessed by a Chartered Educational Psychologist, who will then be able to recommend learning styles and multi sensory teaching – visual (seeing), auditory (hearing) and kinaesthetic (doing)

Dyslexic children may also suffer from associated problems such as Meares-Irlen Syndrome ( the brain’s inability to process visual information), Dyscalculia (difficulty with counting) and Dyspraxia (difficulty with motor skills). It is thought that possibly 50% of dyslexics have trouble with maths – so there is a considerable degree of overlap between dyslexia and dyscalculia. The CEP needs to assess for associated problems.

For a mild dyslexic, a mainstream school with learning support may be suitable and we can help you identify those schools. For severe dyslexics there are a significant number of specialist dyslexic schools, but they may not be near enough to your home such that you may need to consider boarding. Phone for bespoke advice on +44 (0) 1622 813870 or complete our enquiry form

For more information see http://www.dyslexia.uk.net/



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Dyslexia, Dyscalculia and Dyspraxia (Dys)